Soap Making Made Simple
Soap making is fairly an easy and simple process. Soap results when you combine fats or oils with lye as the caustic agent and water as the catalyst. Additional ingredients are readily available and tools can easily be found in your kitchen.
Why make homemade soaps? Because you can customize it according to your needs. Got oily skin? Add in rolled oats to your soap concoction. You can blend your own soap using natural ingredients like dried flower petals, orange peels, pine needles for exfoliating and different oils and scents.
Lye is the chemical name for sodium hydroxide which is a very strong base and produces heat and fumes when mixed with water. Therefore it is important that you make your soap outside so that there is no danger of inhaling the fumes. Also, carefully read the package instructions and follow them to the letter.
You can combine any kind of oil or fat with lye to make your soap. Keep in mind, should you choose to use animal fat, make certain that it is clean, contain no salt, not rancid and free from solid particles.
Using animal fats such as lard or tallow will result to a denser soap. Natural coconut plant oils will produce a rich lather and olive oil will give silky and fine bubbles that are very calming to the skin.
Additives include olive oil, fragrance oils, colors, fragrances and herbs. It is essential to research about what additives you want to combine in your soap. For instance, for oily skin, you can add a combination of rolled oats and aloe vera. Oats have exfoliating effect and absorb excess oil while aloe vera cools the skin.
Basic soap ingredients
- 12 ounces lye
- 32 ounces water
- 24 ounces coconut oil or lard
- 38 ounces solid vegetable shortening
- 25 ounces olive oil
- Fragrance oil
- Soap mold
Follow these simple steps:
1) In a glass or plastic bowl, dissolve lye in water. Do this outside the house. It is important to add the lye into the water, not the water into the lye.
2) With a plastic spoon, stir the mixture constantly.
3) Set this mixture aside and let it cool.
4) In a stainless steel pot, melt coconut oil and solid vegetable shortening.
5) Add in olive oil and any fragrance oils that you prefer.
6) Set the oils aside to cool.
7) Grease the mold
8) When lye and the oil mixtures have cooled down to room temperature, you can combine them slowly by adding the lye mixture into to the oil mixture. Stir slowly but constantly. If bubbles appear, stir a bit slower.
9) When the mixture keeps its shape, add in all the extras that you want – color, herbs, milk, etc.
10) Pour your liquid soap in the mold.
11) With a towel, wrap the soap mold and allow it to rest for 20 hours. Then take out the lid and let the soap sit for 12 more hours, uncovered.
12) Take out the soap from the mold and using a knife, cut the soap into bars.
13) Allow the soap bars to cure for 3-4 weeks before using the soap.
Once you have mastered the soap making basics, it is fun to make your own soap recipes. The possibilities in making homemade soaps are endless – it only takes a bit of information on what natural ingredients to combine and a wild imagination!
And if you want to turn this new found hobby into a business, you definitely can!
Visit soap-making-success.com and learn in easy step-by-step instructions how to make homemade bath products using a variety of different methods including melt and pour, microwave method, cold and hot process methods.
This site even shares with you the cheapest sources for those hard to find supplies - so you won't waste time looking for the materials you'll need and especially if you want to sell your soaps, you won’t waste money by purchasing your supplies at expensive craft stores so your soaps will be reasonably priced!
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